PSY233: Observation of a Toddler

PSY233: Observation of a Toddler (1 – 3 year olds)
HW 1: 100 points
Submit a 3-4 page paper (not including cover page, abstract, or reference page) that addresses
the following points. Your paper should be numbered in the format below for ease of grading
1. A brief physical description of the child. Use approximations of quantitative terms (age,
height, weight). (10 pts)
2. Assess the child’s ability with age-appropriate milestones of gross motor and fine
motor development. Refer to the book to tell me, based on your approximation of age if
development of each milestone is normative or non-normative. Give specific
examples of why. (5 pts)
a. What is the child’s zone of proximal motor development? How could the
parent best scaffold the behavior? Did the parent scaffold? (5 pts)
3. Where is the child in Piaget’s six substages of sensorimotor development? Primary,
secondary, tertiary circular? Representational thinking? Or is you child in concrete
operations? If so give examples of egocentrism, animism, and centration. Identify the
stage and give examples of how the child has or hasn’t mastered specific sub-stages.
(10 pts)
4. Categorize the vocalizations of the child. Did the child rely on gestures? Use
phenomes, over-extension, under-extension, over-regulation? What was predominant
mode of speech (holophrase, telegraphic, syntax)? Give examples. (10 pts)
5. A brief qualitative description (temperament, emotions, shyness) of the child. Assess
the temperament: easy, difficult or slow to warm up. Give examples to support your
conclusion. (10 pts)
6. Examples of gender influences. Comment on if your example supports or dispels
gendertyping. An example of an activity that dispels gender-typing would be a boy in a
pink shirt. List at least 5 examples that support gender typing and 1 that dispels
gender typing. (10 pts)
Hint: focus on: style of dress, toy preference, peer preference, and types of
activity each child is engaged in, child activity level.
7. The child’s reaction to unfamiliar children and adults. Your assessment of the child’s
attachment style according to Ainsworth: Secure, Avoidant, Resistant, Disorganized.
Give examples to support your assessment. (10 pts.)
8. An example of how the parents tried to teach the child about behavioral standards and
expectations
a. How did the parent try to correct the child? Was the focus on what NOT to do or
what TO DO? Which Operant Conditioning techniques were observed? Give an
example of at least two: Positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement,
positive punishment, negative punishment. Give examples.
b. How did the child respond? Did the child show signs of self-regulation?
Compliance? (10 pts)
9. Identify the child’s stage of psychosocial development according to Erikson. Did they
show signs of achieving the virtue of the previous stage? Do they appear to be on
track for achieving the virtue of this stage? Give examples of why or why not. (10 pts)
APA style/ grammar (10 pts)
Mild inconsistencies

deduct 3 pts
Moderate inconsistencies

deduct 6 pts
Severe inconsistencies

deduct 10 pts
Specifics:
Your paper should:
• Be 3-4 pages of content (not including the cover page, abstract or reference page)
• Be numbered as these prompts are numbered, for ease of grading.
• Should include a cover page, abstract, and reference page o A cover page contains your information and is the 1st page of your paper. Please
follow APA example for exact content
o An abstract, which should be 50-250 words, is basically a summary of your paper and is the 2nd page of your paper. An abstract should “preview” others as to what
your paper is about, but should not contain as much detail as your paper
o A reference page is the last page of your paper and should contain more detailed
information about each citation in your paper
 A citation is where, in your paper, you give credit to the source of your
information. As a general rule, anything which is not common knowledge or
your own thoughts/ideas, needs to be cited.
• Be typed, double spaced, have 1 inch margins, and be in 12-point Times New Roman font.

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