Exploring the Dynamics of Tourism in Multi-Island Developing Destinations in the Caribbean: A Case study of the British Virgin Islands

This is to be a proposal for a thesis.  The following sections are to be included:


Executive Summary

To explore the dynamics of, and issues associated with tourism in Caribbean countries that are composed of multiple islands; where the outlying islands provide key tourism features, but are governed by the main (capitol) island.  Will explore:

  • Relationship between main islands and outlying “sister” islands
  • Policy development and administration
  • Perceptions held by indigenous residents on capitol vs sister islands

Literature Review

            This section needs to reflect the existing literature that has been written on the following areas:

  • Definitions of Tourism
  • Caribbean as a mecca of Tourism
  • Impact of Tourism on the Caribbean
    • Economic
    • Cultural
    • Political
    • Social
  • Tourism as a key economic pillar of the British Virgin Islands
  • Policy making with regards to Tourism in the Caribbean
    • Formulation
    • Trinidad & Tobago model
    • Kitts & Nevis model
    • Antigua & Barbuda model
  • Economic Benefits vs Contributions
    • Most tourism on sister islands, but;
    • Majority of tourism budget not earmarked for sister islands
  • Perceptions of Tourism
    • Main island residents’ perception
    • Sister island residents’ perception
  • Dual governance versus Main island central governance
    • Pros & Cons


Proposed Methodology

            This section should reflect and fully explain the use of a qualitative methodology to capture the research data.  It should explain why personal interviews will be conducted.  It should also explain how and why secondary data will be used to supplement the primary qualitative data.

Expected Challenges (with conducting the exploratory research)

This section should speak to potential and expected challenges in conducting the research for this thesis such as cost, availability of knowledgeable persons, etc.


It should also speak to what the expected results of the research will be or point to.

Citations (References)

Please include the following in the references and use in the body:


Chadwick 1987 – 3Ps for travel (Pleasure, Professional n other Purposes)

Buhalis 2000 – Attractions, Amenities, Anicillary Services, Available Packages, Accessibility, Activities

Plog (1977): Destinations carry seed of own demise

Smith (1977): Explorer, Elite, Offbeat, Unusual, Incipient Mass, Mass, Charter

Doxey’s irridex 1976:  Euphoria, Apathy, Irritation, Antagonism & Acceptance

Postcolonial tourism:  Demarcated, Disempowering, Disproportioned

DeKadt 1979:  (tourist interactions with residents) Transitory, Temporal & Spatial

Richie & Crouch 2003: Tourism policy – regulations and strategies that provide framework within which the decisions affecting tourism development are taken.

Planning Approaches: Boosterism, Economic, Spatial, Community, Strategic Planning, Sustainable

Tourism Framework:     Lieper (1979): Must be holistic, 3 approaches (economic, technical, holistic), 3 elements (Tourist, Geographic, Industry), 6 Sectors (Marketing, Carriers, Accommodation, Attractions, Misc Services & Regulation)

Destination Competitiveness:

Richie & Crouch (2003): Goal is to increase and maintain increase of income in citizens and standard of living.

Wang (2012): CHINA – DMO should work with government for sustainability. Increase local community awareness and involvement to enhance climate for developing strong public-private partnership.

Public Policy:

Jenkins & Henry (1982): Government to take operational role in tourism until private sector develops. Should not be rhetoric

Stakeholder Relationships:

Timur & Getz (2008): Sustainability of Tourism requires network relationships with DMOs and industry organization and government.  Each DMO should have strong relationships with various subsectors


Sustainable Destination Development:

Baidal (2004): SPAIN – Sustainability must be a strategic and cohesive effort with political will and technical strategic solutions. If left unchecked and unplanned for can be scattered and resources destroyed.

Rural Tourism:

Abdollahzadeh et al (2014): Less educated people do not see benefits of tourism, only environmental concerns.  Persons who see self-interest benefits, tend to support tourism development. Tourism can improve rural infrastructure and increase demand for local products such as agricultural wares

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